Monday, June 25, 2012

Dogs and Cats Dental Diseases

Dogs and Cats Dental Diseases
Dogs and Cats Dental Diseases

Gum Disease

   Gum (periodontal) disease is inflammation of the tissue surrounding the teeth. it's caused by the buildup of the many completely different bacteria (plaque) at the gum line due – partially – to a scarcity of correct oral hygiene.  This infection causes inflammation of the gums, the ligaments that anchor the teeth, and also the surrounding bone.  If periodontal disease goes untreated, teeth may be lost as a result of the loss of their supporting tissues.  There are two types of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.


   In gingivitis, the gums become inflamed due to bacterial plaque, however the ligaments and bone don't seem to be nevertheless affected.  The gums amendment in color from coral-pink to red or purple, and also the fringe of the gum swells.  The gums tend to bleed on contact. unhealthy breath could be a common symptom.  Gingivitis may be reversed with correct tooth cleaning however, if untreated, might result in periodontitis.
  A sort of juvenile-onset gingivitis is seen in some cats or dogs at half dozen to eight months older.  Cats with this condition typically have swollen gums and bed breath.
  Gingivitis will typically be treated by thorough skilled cleaning of the teeth.   This includes cleaning below the gum line.  If gingivitis doesn't improve, your dog or cat ought to be examined once {more} to see if more intensive cleaning is needed.
  When cleaning are completed, your veterinarian might apply a sealant to the teeth to forestall bacterial buildup and improve healing.  Pets that don't answer treatment ought to be evaluated for different diseases like immune system issues, diabetes, and particularly feline Bartonella infection in cats (cat scratch fever).  Gingivitis can reoccur if the teeth don't seem to be kept clean and freed from plaque.


   In periodontitis, the tissue injury is a lot of severe and includes the gums, the ligaments, and bone. it always is seen once the event of plaque, tartar, and gingivitis. it's irreversible and ends up in permanent loss of tooth support.  Gingivitis is commonly 1st noticed at regarding two years older however improves if treated,  Periodontitis typically begins at four to six years older and, if untreated, ends up in tooth loss.  In some cats and dogs this disease may be seen as early as one year older.
   Periodontitis is treated with thorough skilled cleaning on top of and below the gum line.  If your cat or dog has been treated for periodontitis, you may have to be compelled to continue oral hygiene care at home.  Follow your veterinarian's directions, which could embrace daily toothbrushing, dietary changes, plaque prevention gel, and oral rinses.  Frequent (every three months to one yea) preventive cleaning can facilitate to avoid relapse and stop more bone loss.


   The most necessary purpose to recollect is that gum disease rarely develops around clean teeth.  At-home strategies to stay your pet's teeth clean, like toothbrushing and diet, along side regular dental examinations, are the most effective ways in which to assist stop gum disease.  Your veterinarian may additionally apply a barrier sealant or advocate a plaque prevention gel.


  1. nice posting.. thanks for sharing.

  2. Prior to we go the small print of treatment for gum disease, allow us first understand the causes of this kind of oral problem. Mainly, it's brought about by the formation of a germs. This bacteria produces a sticky plaque that is colorless. This plaque surrounds the teeth. Click here to know more about natural remedies for gum disease